Forty best international and Australian academics and researchers including myself have written to the Therapeutics Goods Administration in support of the application to make lower concentrations of nicotine available for utilization in e-cigarettes (“vaping”).
In Australia, it is actually illegal to possess or use nicotine besides in tobacco or nicotine-replacement products, as nicotine is classified within the Poisons Standard being a Schedule 7 “dangerous poison”.
Because the primary addictive part of tobacco smoke, nicotine is part of the problem. However, it may also be part of the solution. Using clean nicotine in e-cigarettes provides smokers with the alternative way of getting the nicotine which they are addicted minus the tobacco smoke that causes many of the harm from smoking.
As well as delivering nicotine, e-cigarettes replicate several important aspects in the “smoking experience”. This includes the hand-to-mouth movement and also the sensory and social elements of the habit of smoking that smokers frequently miss once they make an effort to quit.
How harmful is nicotine?
The results of nicotine are relatively minor. It is far from a carcinogen and will not cause respiratory disease. It provides only relatively minor effects on the heart, like short-lived rises in heart rate and blood pressure level, constriction of coronary arteries and an increase in the contracting in the heart muscle.
Nicotine in pregnancy harms the baby’s developing brain and lungs and reduces growth. It is also harmful to the adolescent brain, delays wound healing and increases insulin resistance. There is certainly some evidence in laboratory studies that nicotine may promote existing cancers.
However, when separated from the toxins in tobacco smoke and used in its pure form, there is little evidence of long-term harm from nicotine exposure in humans outside pregnancy and adolescence.
Reports have found the health risks from vaping are unlikely to be greater than 5% of the potential risk of smoking, and may be substantially lower than this. As the vast majority of e vapor shop users are smokers or recent ex-smokers, this represents an enormous health benefit for people who move to vaping.
The impact of vaping on bystanders is additionally regarded as negligible. E-cigarettes release low levels of nicotine and minimal quantities of other chemicals into the ambient air. The expired vapour dissipates quickly with no significant health risks to bystanders.
Recent studies have found nicotine is far less toxic than previously thought. Most cases of intentional overdose with nicotine solutions result in prompt vomiting and full recovery.
Similarly, accidental poisoning in kids typically causes mild negative effects. Serious outcomes are rare. Most child poisoning with nicotine can be prevented with common sense, childproof packaging and warning labels, much like other potentially toxic medicines and cleaning products found in the home.
Overseas experience has shown e-cigarettes are certainly not a gateway to smoking for young people. Although adolescents are tinkering with e-cigarettes, regular use by non-smokers is rare. The great greater part of adolescents use nicotine-free e-cigarettes.
In fact, evidence suggests e-cigarettes are acting as an “exit gateway” and are displacing smoking. It really is obviously better for young people not to use e-cigarettes, but vaping is better than smoking.
Smokers who want to lessen the health hazards from smoking are using e-cigarettes almost exclusively as being a safer alternative to combustible tobacco. After ten years of overseas’ experience, there is xocplg evidence e-cigarettes are renormalising smoking, are undermining tobacco control or are employed for any significant extent for temporary, not permanent, abstinence (for instance, in places in which you can’t smoke).
Why nicotine needs to be legalised
Paradoxically, current Australian laws ban a less harmful type of nicotine intake (e-cigarettes) while allowing the widespread sale of the very most lethal form of nicotine intake (cigarettes). Despite the legal restrictions and difficulties of access, e-cigarette use has become growing rapidly around australia.
Amending the Poisons Standard enables smokers who definitely are unable or unwilling to stop smoking to legally access low concentrations of nicotine for harm reduction. Additionally it is legally found in nicotine-replacement therapies like patches, so just why not e-cigarettes?
Regulation beneath the Australian Consumer Law would improve product safety and quality, restrict sales to minors and make sure child-resistant containers and appropriate advertising. It would also remove the black market as well as the risks associated with it.
Research recently estimated over 6 million European Union citizens have used e-cigarettes to quit smoking. In the UK, 1.3 million ex-smokers are utilizing an electronic cigarette. Similarly, chances are hundreds of thousands of Australians will stop smoking tobacco using e-cigarettes if nicotine is legally available.