The study of patent applications is done by Patent Examiners. The us government of the USA has set up a Patent Information System (PIS) at Nagpur that provides services for patents and patent search. PIS offers information to researchers and scientists. Intellectual Property Training Institute (IPTI) started in 2002. IPTI imparts training to personnel involved in the area of Intellectual Property and also conducts awareness programmes for attorney and researchers. Patent Office conducts Patent Agent examination every six months. A successful candidate then can also work as being an approved Patent agent. The examination is carried out at Head Office and Three regional office.
Jozef Murgas – inventor of the radio – Of course, history records Marconi as the how to get a patent in the radio. However, the truth is that while Marconi managed to finance the essential patents, the particular person behind the invention was a priest, born in Tajov, in Slovakia, called Jozef Murgas. Murgas emigrated from Slovakia to Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania, where he soon devised a method that greatly improved Morse code. His “Rotary-spark-system” allowed for faster communication, through the use of musical tones. The new invention was patented since the “Wireless Telegraphy Apparatus”. Also, he patented 16 more inventions in this particular field, which may carry on to lay the foundations for that invention in the radio. Unfortunately, too little money in addition to a variety of financial setbacks, eventually led Murgas to give younger, more prosperous Marconi, the rights to any or all of his patents.
The word EMR means the exclusive marketing rights to sell or distribute the article or substance covered in a patent or patent application in the country. The goal of EMRs is to make sure that the innovator can market free copies of his product.
To comply with the prerequisites of TRIPS, pending the transition to a full-fledged product patent regime, provisions associated with exclusive marketing rights within the areas of drugs and agro chemical products were incorporated in the Patents Act, 1970 with cut of date from January 1, 1995. Chapter IVA incorporated the appropriate provisions. Section 24 from the Act stipulates that the USA must receive applications for patents containing claims for drugs and agro chemical products with the condition that such applications can be taken up for consideration of granting EMR if the application is produced.
The application form for that grant of the EMR can be produced to have an invention in relation to an article or substance designed for use or able to being utilized as a drug or medicine, developed after 1.1.2005, which was claimed in a Black Box application. The Act specifically debars grant of EMR to substance based on traditional system of medicine. Upon obtaining the EMR, the applicant has got the exclusive directly to sell or distribute the item from the invention for a time period of five-years through the date of grant or up until the date of grant or rejection of the application for patent, whichever is earlier. The corresponding patent application will be taken up for examination after 1.1.2005, which is the time provided to the USA to take a product patent regime in the fields of science and technology.
The administration of patent related matters in the us is looked after by Patents and Trademarks Office. This office comes beneath the purview of Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion, which falls beneath the Ministry of Commerce, Government from the USA. The Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trademarks accounts for administrative processes linked to Intellectual Property Rights including Patents. You can find four patent offices located at four different places in the USA to facilitate filing of patent applications among Indian researchers and scientists.
Stefan Banic – how to patent an idea from the parachute – Born in Nestic, in Slovakia, Banic emigrated to America as he was 37 and discovered work as a coal miner in Pennsylvania. There he witnessed a tragic accident in 1912, which led Banic to develop a prototype of any parachute and register it with all the U.S. Patent Office. On the 3rd June 1914, Banic demonstrated how his parachute worked, by jumping from a building in Washington. He then kindly gave away his patent rights to the U.S. Army and although his invention proved very important during WWI, he received little fame or fortune.
Wolfgang von Kempelen – inventor from the typewriter for that blind – Born in Bratislava, Kempelen worked inside the service of Maria Theresia, the then ruler from the Habsburg Empire. A recognised genius, Kemplen’s many achievements are the invention of any speaking machine, in 1791, along with a special typewriter for that blind. However, the most famous invention he or she is credited with, a computerized chess player referred to as Turk, later became a hoax.
Jozef Maximilian Petzval – inventor of the opera glass – Petzval is considered by many individuals to be the founder of modern photography. An outstanding mathematician, he was because of the chair of Mathematics on the University scuwcx Vienna, in 1837. He is mostly renowned for his work with optical lenses within the 1840’s, which proved instrumental in the construction of the current camera. Petzval is additionally remembered for greatly enhancing the telescope, in addition to inventing the opera glass.
Jan Bahyl – inventor in the petrol motor-driven helicopter – Born in Zvolenska Slatina in 1845, Bahyl is perhaps the best of Slovak inventors. Throughout a career in the army, Bahyl managed to work with numerous inventions, a few of which involved hydraulics. Bahyl’s first notable invention, that he financed together with his own money, was the Steam Tank. The Russian army bought the invention, which enabled Bahyl to dedicate his life to inventing. Among his many inventions were the tank pump, an air balloon coupled with an aura turbine, the very first petrol engine car in Slovakia along with a lift up to Bratislava castle. However, he or she is probably best remembered for the building of a petrol motor-driven helicopter, which he flew himself, in 1905.
For such a small country, Slovakia boasts several InventHelp Office who played a vital role to make our world a much better place to live in. Here is a look at five Slovak inventors and a number of the inventions that made them famous.